Chapter IV. Management
of Operations Chiefs of Organic Solvents Work)
Article 19. The work defined by the Ministry of Labour
Ordinance provided for in item (22) of Article 6 of the Enforcement Order
shall be the organic solvent work (exclusive of the one specified in k) of
item (6) of paragraph 1 of Article 1) other than those which are specified
(1) Work in the cases of paragraph 1
of Article 2.
(2) Work in the cases of paragraph 1
of Article 3.
2. The employer shall appoint an operations
chief of organic solvents work from among those who completed the skill training
course for operations chiefs of organic solvents work.
(Duties of Operations
Chiefs of Organic Solvents Work)
Article 19-2. The employer shall have the operations
chief of organic solvent work perform the following functions:
(1) Decide and advise the working procedure
for the workers who are to engage in the organic solvent work so that the
workers will not be contaminated by the organic solvent or inhale the vapor
of the organic solvent.
(2) Inspect the local exhaust ventilation
system, push-pull type ventilation system or general ventilation system at
an interval of not exceeding a month.
(3) Watch how the persanal protective
equipment for the workers is being used.
(4) Make sure that the necessary measures
have been taken conforming to the provisions set forth in each item of Article
26, where workers have to engage in organic solvents work in a tank.
Voluntary Inspection of Local Exhaust Ventilation Systems)
Article 20. The local exhaust ventilation system designated
by Ministry of Labour Ordinance on the basis of item (8) of paragraph 1, Article
15 of the Enforcement Order (restricted to those relating to the organic solvent
work) shall fall under the category of those to be installed conforming to
the provisions of Article 5 or 6.
2. The employer shall conduct a voluntary inspection
of the said local exhaust ventilation system periodically for example, at
least once every year as to the following check points, provided that this
rule shall not apply to a local exhaust ventilation system which has not been
used for one year or more.
(1) Presence of wear, corrosion, dent
and other damages in a hood, a duct and a fan, and degrees of such damages
(2) Accumulation of dust in a duct and an exhaust fan (3)
Condition of oil supplied to theexhaust fan.
(4) Presence of loosened joints of a
(5) Functioning of a belt connecting
the motor and fan
(6) Air intake and air exhaust capacities
(7) Other points to be checked for the maintenance of necessary
performance besides those check points listed above.
3. The employer, however, shall voluntarily
inspect the unused local exhaust ventilation system set forth in the conditional
clause of the preceding paragraph as to the check points listed under the
same paragraph before resuming its operation.
Inspection of Push-Pull Type Ventilationng Systems)
Article 20-2. The push-pull type ventilation system
(restricted to those for organic solvent work) designated Ministry of Labour
Ordinance on the basis of item (8) of paragraph 1, Article 15 of the Enforcement
Order shall be defined as those to be installed conforming to the provisions
of Article 5 or Article 6.
2. The provisions of paragraphs 2 and 3 of the preceding Article
shall be applied with necessary modification to the push-pull type ventilation
systems designated in the preceding paragraph. In applying the said provisions,
however, the term "exhaust fan" set forth initem (3) ofparagraph
2 of the preceding Article shall be read as "blower and exhaust fan,"
and the term "airintake" in item (6) of the same paragraph as
"air supply and air intake."
Article 21. The employer, upon making the voluntary inspection
stipulated in the preceding two Articles, shall keep the records of the following
data for at least three years.
(1) Date of the inspection.
(2) Method of the inspection.
(3) Parts of the equipment inspected.
(4) Results of the inspection.
(5) Name of the inspector.
(6) Contents of repair or adjustment
made according to the result of inspection, if any.
Article 22. Before using the newly installed local exhaust
ventilation system designated in paragraph 1 of Article 20, or after overhauling
and modifying or repairing the said ventilation system, the employer shall
inspect the ventilation system as to the following checkup points:
(1) Accumulation of dust in a duct and
an exhaust fan, for accumulation of dust.
(2) Presence of loosened joints of a
(3) Air intake and air exhaust capacities.
(4) Other points necessary for maintaining
2. The provision of the preceding paragraph shall be applied with
necessary modification to the push-pull type ventilation systems designated
in paragraph 1 of Article 20-2, provided that the term "air intake"
in item (3) of the preceding paragraph shall be read as "air supply
and air intake."
Article 23. When any abnormality is detected through the
voluntary inspection conforming to the provisions of paragraphs 2 and 3 of
Article 20 (inclusive of the cases of the application with necessary modification
conforming to paragraph 2 of Article 20-2) or the inspection conforming to
the preceding article, the employer shall make repairs immediately.
Article 24. When the employer engages his/her workers
in organic solvent work in an indoor workshop and the like, he/she shall post
a notice at easily visible location to the workers on the following points:
(1) Effects of organic solvents on the
(2) Precautions for handling organic
solvents and the like.
(3) First aid when poisoning is caused
by organic solvents.
2. The contents and posting method of the items
stipulated in the preceding paragraph shall be separately provided for by
the Minister of Labour.
of Classification of Organic Solvents and the like)
Article 25. When the employer has workers engage in organic
solvent work in an indoor workshop, he/she shall indicate to the workers the
classification of the organic solvents, etc., by posting notice at easily
visible location on such classification using colour codes as stipulated below:
(1) First-class organic solvents, etc.
(2) Second-class organic solvents, etc.
(3) Third-class organic solvents, etc.
of a Tank)
Article 26. When the employer has workers engage in organic
solvent work inside of a tank, he/she shall take the following measures:
(1) Before work commencement, manholes
of a tank and all other openings which are free from the influx of organic
solvents, etc., should be open.
(2) When the body of a worker is critically
contaminated by organic solvents, etc., and at the end of work, the worker
shall be allowed to thoroughly wash his/her body and eliminate the contamination.
(3) Equipment or tools for immediately
rescuing workers inside of a tank when any accident occurs shall be prepared
in a ready-to-use status.
- (4) In addition to the measures specified
above, the employer shall take the following measures before work commencement
on a tank which has once contained organic solvents, etc.:
a) Discharge organic solvents, etc., from the tank
and prevent the influx of organic solvents, etc., into it from all the pipings
b) Wash the inside walls of the tank with water,
steam or the like, and discharge the water, steam or the like used for washing
out of the tank.
c) Feed or exhaust air equivalent to three times
the volume of the tank or more, or fill the tank with water and then discharge
the water fromit.
at Occurrence of Accident)
Article 27. When any one of the accidents as are described
hereunder has occurred while the workers are engaging in organic solvent
work in a tank or the like, and there is the fear of poisoning by organic
solvent, the employer shall immediately have the workers discontinue their
work and evacuate them from the site of the accident.
(1) Substantial decline or loss of the
normal function of the local exhaust ventilation system, push-pull type ventilation
system or general ventilation system installed in the site of organic solvent
work due to system trouble, etc.
(2) Occurrence of accident so as to
cause the site of the work to be contaminated badly by organic solvents, etc.
2. Should any of the accidents such as those
described in the preceding paragraph occur and the work discontinue, the employer
shall keep the workers away from the site of accident until the contamination
due to the organic solvent, etc., is removed, except when the workers are
to be engaged in rescue work or work for preventing damage due to the accident
by a method in which the safety of the workers is guaranteed.