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The Safety Ordinance for Cranes

(Ordinance of the Ministry of Labour No.34 September 30, 1972)

Chapter II Crane

Section 1 Manufacturing and Installation

Article 3 (Permission of Manufacturing)
  • (1) A person who intends to manufacture a crane (limited to the one set forth in item (iii) of paragraph (1) of Article 12 of the Order, hereinafter the same shall apply in this Article to Article 10, Article 16 and Article 17, and Section 4 and Section 5 of this Chapter) shall obtain, in advance, the permission in respect to the crane intended to manufacture from the Director of the Prefectural Labour Bureau who exercises jurisdiction over the area where the work place is located (hereinafter referred to as "the Director of the competent Prefectural Labour Bureau"). However, this shall not apply to the crane, the type of which is identical with the crane, which has been obtained the said permission already (hereinafter referred to as "permitted type crane" in this Chapter).
  • (2) A person who intends to obtain the permission set forth in the preceding paragraph, shall submit an application for the crane manufacturing permission (Form No.1) with the assembly drawing of the crane and the document stating the following matters to the Director of the competent Prefectural Labour Bureau:
    • (i) Standards of strength calculation;
    • (ii) Outline of the equipment for inspection performed on the process of manufacturing;
    • (iii) Name and outline of career of the chief designer and the responsible person on manufacturing work.
Article 4 (Report of Alteration on Equipment, etc., for Inspection)

(1) The person who has obtained the permission set forth in paragraph (1) of the preceding Article shall, in the case of manufacturing the crane pertaining the said permission or the permitted type crane, when the equipment set forth in item (ii) of paragraph (2) of the same Article or either the chief designer or the responsible person on manufacturing work set forth in item (iii) of the same paragraph were altered, report that matter without delay to the Director of the competent Prefectural Labour Bureau.

Article 5 (Notification for Installation)
  • (1)The employer who intends to install a crane shall, when notifying pursuant to the provision of paragraph (1) of Article 88 of the Industrial Safety and Health Act (hereinafter referred to as "the Act"), submit the crane installation notification (Form No.2) with the specification of the crane (Form No.3), the assembly drawing of the crane and the strength calculation statement of the structural parts listed in the right column of the Appended Table corresponding to the type of the crane listed in the left column of the same Table respectively and the document stating the following matters to the Chief of the Labour Standards Inspection Office who exercises jurisdiction over the area where the workplace is located (hereinafter referred to as "the Chief of the competent Labour Standards Inspection Office"):
    • (i) Surroundings at the place of installation;
    • (ii) Outline of the foundation;
    • (iii) Travelling range for a travelling crane.
  • (2) In the case of the notification pursuant to the provision of the preceding paragraph, the provisions of paragraph (1) of Article 85 of the Ordinance on Industrial Safety and Health (the Ordinance of the Ministry of Labour No.32 of 1972, hereinafter referred to as "the Safety and Health Ordinance ") shall be applied as provided for as follows:
    • (i) In the case submitting the notification on a crane in conjunction with the building or other machine, etc., pursuant to the provision of paragraph (1) of the Article 88 of the Act, it is not required to describe those items which are described in the notification and the document prescribed in paragraph (1) of Article 85 of the Safety and Health Ordinance, and overlap with the items in the notification and the documents presented pursuant to the provision of the preceding paragraph;
    • (ii) In the case of the notification only on a crane pursuant to the provision of paragraph (1) of Article 88 of the Act, the provisions of paragraph (1) of Article 85 of the Safety and Health Ordinance shall not apply.
  • (3) The employer (excluding the one set forth in the text of paragraph (1) of Article 88 of the Act) who intends to install a crane shall, pursuant to the provision of paragraph (1) of Article 88 of the Act which is applied mutatis mutandis to paragraph (2) of the same Article, submit the crane installation notification (Form No.2) with the specification, the assembly drawing, the strength calculation statement set forth in paragraph (1) to the Chief of the competent Labour Standards Inspection Office.
Article 6 (Completion Inspection)
  • (1) A person who has installed a crane shall, pursuant to the provision of paragraph (3) of Article 38 of the Act, undergo the inspection for the said crane by the Chief of the competent Labour Standards Inspection Office. However, this shall not apply to the case that the Chief of the competent Labour Standards Inspection Office approved the said inspection is unnecessary.
  • (2) On the inspection pursuant to the provision of the preceding paragraph (hereinafter referred to as the "completion inspection" in this Section), in addition to examining the construction and the function of each part of the crane, the load test and the stability test shall be performed. However, on the completion inspection for an overhead travelling crane or a gantry crane, etc., which is unlikely to cause overturn, the said test shall be limited to the load test.
  • (3) The load test set forth in the preceding paragraph, shall be carried out in such manners as performing motions with hoisting, travelling, slewing, trolley traverse etc., while suspending a load of the mass corresponding to 1.25 times of the rated capacity (in the case that the rated capacity exceeds 200 tons, the mass of a load added 50 tons on the rated capacity).
  • (4) The stability test set forth in paragraph (2), shall be carried out in such manners as slightly lifting a load off the ground under the most unfavourable condition for the stability for the said crane, while suspending a load of the mass corresponding to 1.27 times of the rated capacity. On this test such equipment as anchoring devices of crane, rail clumps, etc., shall not be functioned.
  • (5) The Chief of the competent Labour Standards Inspection Office may, for the crane that the temporary load test set forth in paragraph (1) of Article 8 was carried out within one year before the date of the completion inspection, omit a part of the completion inspection.
  • (6) A person who intends to undergo the completion inspection for a crane shall submit an application for the crane completion inspection (Form No.4) to the Chief of the competent Labour Standards Inspection Office. In the case that the notification set forth in paragraph (1) or (3) of the preceding Article is not made because of having been given the accreditation pursuant to the provision of the proviso of paragraph (1) of Article 88 of the Act (including the cases where it is applied mutatis mutandis in paragraph (2) of the same Article, hereinafter referred to as gaccreditationh.), the specification, the assembly drawing, the strength calculation statement and the documents set forth in paragraph (1) of the preceding Article, and other document necessary for the completion inspection shall be attached.
Article 7 (Measures for the Case of Undergoing Completion Inspection)
  • (1) A person who undergoes the completion inspection shall, as regards the crane being subjected to the said inspection, prepare a test load and the slinging equipment for the load test and the stability test.
  • (2) The Chief of the competent Labour Standards Inspection Office may, when having found the necessity for the completion inspection, as regards the crane pertaining to the said inspection, order the following matters to the person who undergoes the said inspection:
    • (i) To disassemble safety devices;
    • (ii) To take off a part of coating;
    • (iii) To pick out rivets, or to make a hole in a part of members;
    • (iv) To cut off a part of wire ropes;
    • (v) In addition to the matters listed in the preceding each item, the matters found to be necessary for the said inspection.
  • (3) A person who undergoes the completion inspection shall be present at the said inspection.
Article 8 (Temporary Load Test)
  • (1) A person who has obtained the permission set forth in paragraph (1) of Article 3 may undergo the temporary load test for the crane pertaining to the said permission or the permitted type crane by the Director of the competent Prefectural Labour Bureau.
  • (2) A person who intends to undergo the temporary load test shall submit an application for crane temporary load test (Form No.5) with assembly drawing of the crane to the Director of the competent Prefectural Labour Bureau.
  • (3) The Director of the competent Prefectural Labour Bureau shall, as regards the crane on which the temporary load test has been carried out, prepare the record of the temporary load test (Form No.6) and issue it to the person who underwent the temporary load test set forth in the preceding paragraph.
Article 9 (Inspection Certificate for Crane)
  • (1) The Chief of the competent Labour Standards Inspection Office, as regards the crane, which passed the completion inspection or the crane set forth in the proviso of paragraph (1) of Article 6, shall issue the crane inspection certificate (Form No.7) to the person who submitted the application pursuant to the provision of paragraph (6) of the same Article.
  • (2) A person who has installed a crane shall, when having lost or damaged the crane inspection certificate, submit an application for reissue of the crane inspection certificate, (Form No.8) with the following document to the Chief of the competent Labour Standards Inspection Office and be granted the reissue:
    • (i) The document explaining the lost of the crane inspection certificate in the event of losing;
    • (ii) The crane inspection certificate in the event of damaging
  • (3) On alteration of the person who has installed the crane, the replaced person shall, within ten days from the said alteration, submit an application for renewal of crane inspection certificate (Form No.8) with the crane inspection certificate to the Chief of the competent Labour Standards Inspection Office, and be granted the renewal.
Article 10 (Validity Term of Inspection Certificate)
  • (1) The validity term of the crane inspection certificate shall be for two years. However, based on the results of the completion inspection, the said validity term may be restricted for less than two years.
Article 11 (Report for Installation)
  • (1) The employer who intends to install a crane set forth in item (xiv) of paragraph (3) of Article 13 of the Order shall submit, in advance, the crane installation report (Form No.9) to the Chief of the competent Labour Standards Inspection Office. However, this shall not apply to the employer who has obtained the accreditation.
Article 12 (Load Test, etc.)
  • (1) The employer shall, when having installed the crane set forth in the preceding Article, perform the load test set forth in paragraph (3) of Article 6 and the stability test set forth in paragraph (4) of the same Article for the said crane.
Article 13 (Clearance between Travelling Crane and Building, etc.)
  • (1) The employer shall comply with the following provision, as regards the clearance between the travelling crane (excluding the one having no crane girder or having no footpath on the crane girder) installed in the building and the said building or the installations in the building,. However, as regards the provision of item (ii), this shall not apply to when the said travelling crane equipped with a canopy (limited to the one installed over the footpath on the crane girder and having the height of 1.5 m or more from the said footpath):
    • (i) The clearance between the highest part of the said travelling crane (excluding parts of a electric collector) and a part of building such as braces, girders and beams, or piping, other crane, other equipment that are located above the said travelling crane be 0.4 m or more;
    • (ii) The clearance between a footpath on a crane girder and a part of the building such as braces, girders and beams, or piping, other crane, other equipment that are located above the said footpath, be 1.8 m or more.
Article 14 (Footpath between Crane and Building, etc.)
  • (1) The employer shall, when installing a footpath between a travelling crane or a slewing crane and the building or the equipment, ensure the width of the said footpath of 0.6 m or more. However, as regards the part of the said footpath being contact with pillars of the building, this width may be reduced to 0.4 m or more.
Article 15 (Clearance between Operator's Cab, etc., and Footpath)
  • (1) The employer shall make the clearance between the side of the operator's cab or the operating station and the end of the footpath led to the said operator's cab or the operating station concerned, or the clearance between the end of the footpath installed on the crane girder and the end of the footpath led to the said footpath, 0.3 m or less. However, this shall not apply to when it is unlikely to cause danger to workers due to falling.
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