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Implementation Guidelines for National Safety Week in Fiscal 2001

1. Purpose

National Safety Week campaign activities will be implemented this year as the 74th successive event since its inception in 1928. The basic philosophy of this campaign has been focused on respecting human life with the aim of promoting voluntary activities to prevent industrial accidents in industries, and enhancing safety consciousness and fostering safety activities among the general public.

While the number of casualties due to industrial accidents in Japan has been declining from a long-term perspective, the total still reaches about 560,000 persons per year. In year 1998, the number of fatalities dropped to a figure below 2,000 which is the first record braking thorough 2,000 in Japan and is maintaining the low level figures for the years 1999 and 2000. However, the target of breaking through the present level hovering a little below 2,000, which has been set forth under the 9th Industrial Accident Prevent Plan, has not been yet achieved.
Since last year, moreover, accidents attracting public attention, such as those resulting in a number of casualties at one time have been occurring one after another. These incidents include an explosion at a chemical factory, an accident relating to centrifugal casting equipment, and a bursting accident of a Class 1 pressure vessel.
Under these circumstances, it is necessary to continue efforts to minimize or eliminate workplace dangers in order to improve Japan's safety standards by reducing industrial accidents and especially fatal accidents. This requires fully implementing the individual industrial accident prevention measures so far established through the cooperation of labor and management under the common principle of Safety First, while at the same time, taking long-term approaches towards promoting the introduction of an Occupational Safety and Health Management System and the development of safe equipment and machines applying new techniques which can survive in the 21st Century.
On these standpoints, the 2001 National Safety Week will be implemented under the slogan of "Taking 'SAFETY FIRST' over to the New Century- Zero Risk in the Workplace."

2. Slogan

"Taking 'SAFETY FIRST' over to the New Century
- Zero Risk in the Workplace."

3. Campaign Period

The National Safety Week campaign activities will be carried out from July 1 to July 7, with a preparatory period from June 1 to June 30 for achivingr effective implementation.

4. Organizers

The Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare and, Japan Industrial Safety and Health Association (JISHA)

5. Workplace Activities

Workplaces should implement the following activities with the aim of further enhancing safety levels at workplaces and firmly implanting systematic and continuous safety and health management activities.

(1) Activities to be implemented during the preparatory period

Safety activities in daily workplace operations must be thoroughly checked in terms of the following matters to implement safety activities and improve safety levels.

A. Ensuring work safety at the planning/design stage
(a) Ensuring a system to carry out prior assessment at the planning stage
(b) Carrying out prior assessment in designing, manufacturing and installing machines and facilities
(c) Improving prior assessment in carrying out construction work
(d) Ensuring a system for prior assessment at the development and introduction stages of new technologies

B. Implementing safety education at each stage of occupational activities in general
(a) Establishing safety education programs and implementing effective safety education courses through the utilization of audio-visual materials
(b) Training of persons in charge of safety education in each work places
(c) Implementing development of ability for safety supervisors, etc.
(d) Implementing safety education courses for workers engaged in dangerous and harmful operations
(e) Enrichment of qualified workers to be engaged in restrictied work and work requiring operation chief appointed for it

C. Establishing a safety management system and encouraging safety management activities
(a) Clearly defining a basic direction for safety by the top management
(b) Establishing and implementing effective safety management rules that clearly define the safety-related responsibilities and obligations of safety management departments and managers as well as supervisors
(c) Developing and implementing a safety management program that is integrated in overall business activities
(d) Ensuring steady succession and transfer of safety-related knowledge and know-how in the prevention of industrial accidents
(e) Improving safety management systems and encouraging related activities by appointing safety supervisors or safety/health promoters, establishing safety committees and encouraging their activities
(f) Promoting comprehensive safety management activities including subcontractor operations within the workyard
(g) Providing guidance and assistance to foster safety activities at affiliated workplaces outside the workyard
(h) Implementing safety diagnosis by utilizing external professionals, including industrial safety consultants etc,.
(i) Firmly establishing safety management activities in the construction industry:
a) Establishing a safety management promotion system based on unified efforts by the master employer and related subcontractors
b) Establishing a work-site guidance and assistance system by Field safety and health supervisor
c) Taking thorough measures to prevent falling accidents at the construction sites for wooden houses and other low-rise residences
d) Promoting communication with lessors of construction machines
e) Actively implementing education for newly placed workers
f) Encouraging the implementation of safety work cycle activities

D. Enhancing the safety of production facilities
(a) Checking the safety of production facilities, their layout and operational processes, and making planned improvements in these facilities based on such results
(b) Enhancing the inherent safety of machines and facilities and implementing periodic (specified) voluntary inspections and maintenance

E. Improving safety operation manuals
(a) Improving work safety operation manuals relating to the regular operations of machines, facilities and transport equipment, etc.
(b) Improving work safety operation manuals relating to the non-regular operations, including repairs, inspections, troubleshooting, etc.
(c) Improving operation manuals at the time of mechanization, automation or the introduction of new raw materials
(d) Improving operation manuals relating to industrial robots and equipment of automatic carry machines,etc..
(e) Establishing safety operation plans for construction machines and cranes, etc.

F. Enhancing worker consciousness concerning safety
(a) Analyzing accident cases, establishing specific measures to prevent industrial accidents and ensuring a thorough understanding of such measures
(b) Introducing hazard prediction activities and the active utilization of a safety improvement proposal system and a safety duty turning system
(c) Encouraging worker participation in the improvement of safety-related issues through the activities of safety committees, etc.
(d) Establishing a "Safety Day"
(e) Prize contest running and posting posters and slogans on safety
(f) Commending outstanding performance by foremen who are responsible for the direct supervision of workers
(g) Eliciting cooperation in safety by households

G. Firmly establishing an occupational safety and health management system
An occupational safety and health management system should be firmly established in cooperation with workers to carry out continuous and sustained safety and health management activities through a series of processes involving planning, implementation, evaluation and action.

H. Promoting activities to prevent traffic-related industrial accidents
(a) Establishing an effective management system
(b) Ensuring the management of reasonable working hours and transport operations
(c) Conducting education for supervisors responsible for the prevention of traffic-related industrial accidents and vehicle drivers
(d) Enhancing consciousness concerning traffic-related industrial accidents

I. Promoting measures for the safety of older workers
(a) Taking measures by assuming the existence of workplaces where older and younger workers are engaged in the same work
(b) Promoting the improvement of working environments, including machines and facilities
(c) Promoting the improvement of working methods and working arrangements, etc.
(d) Establishing proper working procedures, providing suitable instructions for operations and conducting safety education

J. Promoting the adoption of proper working conditions, including working hours

K. Promoting the creation of comfortable working environments

(2) Activities to be implemented in National Safety Week

A. The top management of all entities should clearly announce their views on safety, conduct safety patrols at workplaces by themselves and make appeals to workers concerning the importance of safety
B. Workplace meetings should be held to discuss how to develop safety activities, foster the united will of all related parties, and enhance general consciousness concerning safety
C. Posting safety flags, posters and slogans, and distributing safety-related information materials
D. Providing commendations for safety accomplishments
E. Prize contest running and publishing safety improvement proposals
F. Prize contest running and publishing reports, pictures, posters and slogans on safety
G. Holding seminars, conferences and video, film and slide presentations
H. Sending safety-related pamphlets to worker families and inviting them to workplaces to elicit their cooperation
I. Conducting the necessary training courses on emergency measures
J. Conducting other activities suitable for the week's purposes